May 2019

Here are the papers that caught our eye over the last month, many of these will go onto form the topics for our monthly podcasts and topics which you can subscribe to here.

 

Cardiac Arrest

Initial arterial pH as a predictor of neurologic outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A propensity-adjusted analysis. Kiehl EL.Resuscitation. 2019

End tidal CO2 and cerebral oximetry for the prediction of return of spontaneous circulation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Engel TW 2nd, et al. Resuscitation. 2019

Vasopressors during adult cardiac arrest: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Holmberg MJ.Resuscitation. 2019

Prehospital determinants of successful resuscitation after traumatic and non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Barnard EBG, et al. Emerg Med J. 2019.

Advanced airway management during adult cardiac arrest: A systematic review. Granfeldt A.Resuscitation. 2019

The effect of ventilation rate on outcome in adults receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Vissers G.Resuscitation. 2019

The EXACT protocol: A multi-centre, single-blind, randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial to determine whether early oxygen titration improves survival to hospital discharge in adult OHCA patients. Bray JE.Resuscitation. 2019

 

Cardiology

A checklist manifesto: Can a checklist of common diagnoses improve accuracy in ECG interpretation? Nickerson J.Am J Emerg Med. 2019

Coronary atherothrombosis in cardiac arrest survivors without ST-segment elevation on ECG. Degrell P.Resuscitation. 2019

 

Neurology

Levetiracetam versus phenytoin for second-line treatment of convulsive status epilepticus in children (ConSEPT): an open-label, multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Dalziel SR.Lancet. 2019

Levetiracetam versus phenytoin for second-line treatment of paediatric convulsive status epilepticus (EcLiPSE): a multicentre, open-label, randomised trial. Lyttle MD.Lancet. 2019

 

PHEM

Time of on-scene resuscitation in out of-hospital cardiac arrest patients transported without return of spontaneous circulation. de Graaf C.Resuscitation. 2019

Outcomes of patients who are not transported following ambulance attendance: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Yeung T.Emerg Med Australas. 2019

 

Respiratory

Do Antibiotics Improve Outcomes in Patients With Acute Asthma Exacerbations? Ganti L. Ann Emerg Med. 2019

 

Trauma

Is prehospital blood transfusion effective and safe in haemorrhagic trauma patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Rijnhout TWH.Injury. 2019 May

Prehospital Simple Thoracostomy for Traumatic Cardiac Arrest: Does the Cardiac Arrest Rhythm Matter? Stifkens F.J Emerg Med. 2019

Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta: A Review for Emergency Clinicians. Long B.J Emerg Med. 2019

 

Ultrasound

Is point-of-care ultrasound a reliable predictor of outcome during atraumatic, non-shockable cardiac arrest? A systematic review and meta-analysis from the SHoC investigators. Lalande E.Resuscitation. 2019

 

Other

Improving skills retention after advanced structured resuscitation training: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Au K.Resuscitation. 2019

Sodium bicarbonate for severe metabolic acidaemia. Baudic T.Lancet. 2019

THINK of Ketamine for Headache. Goodnough R.J Emerg Med. 2019

Orthostatic vital signs do not predict 30 day serious outcomes in older emergency department patients with syncope: A multicenter observational study. White JL.Am J Emerg Med. 2019

We look forward to bringing you some of these papers in future podcasts, if there’s anything in particular you’d like to hear then leave a comment at the bottom of the page.  

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